Abstract: the article presents a comparative analysis of theoretical and legal approaches to the formation of the national idea in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Russia. The purpose of this study is to reveal the features of these approaches. The article reveals the main trends in the implementation of the national idea in the legislation of each of the above countries; reveals the features of ideological disputes around the formation of the national idea in each of the states; analyzes the general and special in such approaches in terms of the formation of the general idea of Eurasianism. The analysis confirmed that in the spiritual sphere in the post-Soviet countries such priorities as patriotism, universal solidarity, unity of the people, the supremacy of national interests over personal ones, purity of moral principles, love for the Motherland, development of cultural potential and preservation of the cultural heritage of the country fully coincide. Other priorities of the “conservative revival” are all-round support of national traditions; the nobility of spirit in the legal field also coincide. Traditional family values, collectivism, mutual assistance, responsiveness, humane attitude to neighbors and to all people are also common values for Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Russia. Such priorities as moral principles of social life and moral norms of human behavior in society; strengthening of a strong state; principles of humanity and constructiveness; social justice, work, are common for all three states. Therefore, in modern times we are witnessing the formation of a single national idea and ideology of a new Eurasianism – the Union of States close to each other in spirit and mentally.
Keywords: post-soviet space, liberalism, national idea, state ideology, concepts, development strategies